On any given day, you might walk down the road as see a Chihuahua, a Labrador, or some kind of Bulldog mix. It seems as if the same kinds of animals are easily accessible in the United States, while other areas of the world have a vast variety. In the true diversity-loving American spirit, let’s discuss some of the rarest dog breeds in the world!

Rare Dog Breeds

Finnish Spitz: The ruddy fur of this beauty resembles that of a shrewd fox.  Finnish Spitz dogs were once bred as hunters of unique animals from grouse to moose, and are active enthusiastic dogs. Their melodious howling has also won them the title of “king of the barkers.”

Norwegian Lundehund

Norwegian Lundehund

Norwegian Lundehund: The national dog of Norway is still relatively uncommon in the rest of their world. They are distinguished for their quick adaptability as Puffin-hunters, as well as certain unique physical characteristics.  For example, the Lundehund has no less than six toes on each foot, can move his ears independently of each other, and can bend his head back to touch the tailbone.
Tibetan Mastiff: One of the more fearsome dogs, this large, hairy breed is a valued guard dog in his native Tibet. Their unique qualities also make them one of the most expensive breeds ever purchase, at  $1.5 million!

Mudi

Mudi

Mudi:  No, this name does not come from the breed’s love of dirt. It is a herding dog from Hungary, who is known for his vibrant health, sharp intelligence and athleticism. Mudis enjoy playing and going on lengthy excursions, and are best matched with an active family. The Kuvasz is another rare Hungarian guard/herding dog that was once on the brink of extinction.

Otterhound

Otterhound

Otterhound: As the name suggests, these dogs were once used as otter hunters in old England (when that was an acceptable sport), and are skilled swimmers with water-resistant coats. An incredibly rare breed, there are only about 1,000 Otterhounds that are known to exist.

Peruvian Hairless Dog

Peruvian Hairless Dog

Peruvian Inca Orchid/Peruvian Hairless: This ancient hairless dog breed has been found painted material excavated from the Inca Empire. These speedy runners are aloof with strangers, and loyal to their families, and they are most common in Peru.

Aidi (Atlas mountain Dog)

Aidi (Atlas mountain Dog)

Aidi:  The Aidi dogs are highly skilled trackers that originate from the Berber tribes of the Moroccan mountains. They are working dogs, enjoying tasks such as guarding, herding, and running. Though they can be a lot to handle, these dogs do make excellent family pets.

Kishu (Courtesy @Blankles)

Kishu (Courtesy @Blankles)

Kishu:  These white dogs can attribute their rarity to the fact that it is illegal to export this breed out of their native country, Japan.   These loyal dogs are prized as courageous big game hunters, and can move as stealthily as a wild cat.

Czechoslovakian Vlcak

Czechoslovakian Vlcak

Czechoslovakian Vlcak: Descended from wolves and German Shepherds, this stunning breed was bred for intelligence and longevity.  They are natural leaders, hard workers with abundant energy, requiring frequent exercise from their owners.

Carolina Dog

Carolina Dog

Carolina Dog: Considered one of the oldest dogs of the United States, this hound (otherwise known as the American Dingo) almost looks like a cross between a lab and a German Shepherd. Wild cousins of these dogs can still be found running free in the Appalachian area.

Eurasier

Eurasier

Eurasier: These dogs are wooly little spitz dogs (cross bred from Chow Chows, Samoyeds, and Wolfspitz dogs) that hail from Germany. They are watchful, wary of strangers, but eager to spend time with their families and receive affection.

Kooikerhondje

Kooikerhondje

Kooikerhondje:  This uncommon breed is a Dutch spaniel dog whose original purpose was to be a hunting companion in pursuit of waterfowl. When WWII past, the Kooikerhondje dogs would have gone extinct, had it not be for a few devoted breeders.  These cheerful pups have lately been recognized by breed clubs across the globe.

There are surprisingly a long list of peculiar dogs that most people have never heard of.  Here are more of the world’s rarest dog breeds:

  • Bedlington Terrier
  • New Guinea Singing Dog
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Boykin Spaniel
  • Pharaoh Hound
  • Pumi
  • Catahoula Leopard Dog
  • Berger Picard
  • Azawakh
  • Swedish Vallhund
  • Griffon Nivernais
  • Xoloitzcuintli
  • Lagotto Romgnolo
  • Estrela Mountain Dog
  • Lowchen

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